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XRP vs. Bitcoin: What Are the Key Differences?

From the current crypto market setup, it might seem Bitcoin is the only crypto token. This is due to its dominance in the market such that it directs the crypto market movement. However, several other cryptos allow for diversification if you are investing in crypto. One of these other cryptos is Ripple. 

This guide has everything you need to know about what sets Bitcoin and Ripple apart. 

Bitcoin vs. Ripple

Bitcoin is a digital currency designed for use as a means of payment for goods and services. Ripple on the other hand, is a payment settling platform. It is used by banks and other financial institutions for currency exchange and cross-border transactions. The idea of Ripple is to provide a platform for the real-time transfer of assets such as money and gold. It is a cheaper and faster transfer option compared to the other systems currently used by banks such as SWIFT.

While Bitcoin is based on a blockchain network, Ripple is not. Instead, it runs on a distributed consensus ledger with a network of validating nodes and XRP as the crypto token. 

Key Differences 

Some of the key differences between Bitcoin and Ripple include;

Transactions validation 

Bitcoin uses mining for transaction verification. This involves various computers competing to solve arithmetic puzzles with the winning computer getting rewarded in BTC. Any computer can join the network as long as they have sufficient computing power. 

The Ripple network uses a more centralized transaction validation mechanism. Unlike Bitcoin mining that allows for any computer, the Ripple network has select nodes which participate in the verification. This makes XRP transactions faster and less energy-intensive compared to other cryptos. 

Total coin market coin supply 

Bitcoin has used its coin supply as one of the ways to control value. It has a limited supply with a market cap of 21million. Such that only a 21million BTC will ever be in supply. New blocks are introduced in the network through mining, with the last of the blocks likely to be mined in 2140.

Given the less supply and more demand, BTC remains highly valued. Ripple on the other hand has 1billion XRP total supply. All of them were pre-mined at the time of the token’s launch. The oversupply is one of the reasons XRP has fewer values per token. 

Transactions speed and costs 

Ripple comes with some of the fastest and low-cost transactions. It takes around three to five seconds to confirm a Ripple transaction. This is way faster than Bitcoin that takes around 10minutes to confirm a transaction. Every Ripple transaction costs around 0.00001XRP, these are some of the lowest crypto transaction costs in the market. 

Circulation mechanisms 

Bitcoins are released to the market depending on when they are mined. The rate of mining depends on the miners on the network, which is open to any node. Ripple meanwhile uses a smart contract to control the release of XRP. It plans to release a maximum of 1billion XRP every month, with all unused tokens returned to an escrow

Monique Verstegen

Monique Verstegen

Based in Melbourne, Monique is a crypto enthusiast, who has been interested in blockchain and decentralised finance since 2017. In addition to content writing, she is also an experienced SEO Specialist with 5+ years of experience working across a range of industries.

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